THE COP19 Conference is the 19th Conference of the parties of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), held together with the 9th session of the Meeting of the parties to the Kyoto Protocol.
The conference is supposed to implement resolutions of the Convention by member states, as well as improve already proposed solutions regarding the emission of greenhouse gases. One of the proposed measures (and the only legally binding one) was the Kyoto Protocols, signed in 1997.
The 19th Conference takes place in the National Stadium in Warsaw from 11th to 22nd of November. During that time organisers expect to host about 12,000 delegates from 194 countries, including ministers of the environment, UN, NGOs and lobby groups representatives.
The main aim is to get together and marshal common standards and solutions for all the member states. The Warsaw Summit delegates are to work out the basis for a new worldwide agreement on the reduction of greenhouse gases – it is essential to state the preferred form of the future document, its duration and conditions for ratification (in short, all the steps that need to be taken before the Paris Summit in 2015).
The Polish Summit is the first of three conferences on the way to reach the agreement in terms of the reduction of greenhouse gases worldwide. In the same time Poland will hold the presidency as a part of the Climate Conference until the next summit in Peru, COP20 in 2014.
As climate change affects the whole world, it is a challenge for all countries to reach the agreement and take actions to counteract its further development into extreme climate phenomena like prolonged droughts or tornadoes. These problems endanger socio-economic development all over the world, which is why countries cannot be passive in taking action and procrastinate.
It is in their own best interest to effectively counteract climate change and work out appropriate solutions for all the member states, not only developed ones (as it was in Kyoto, 1997). The requirements need to be therefore proportional to the country’s capabilities and financial resources, ensuring the balance in action.
It is worth mentioning, that the EU is responsible for about 11% of the whole emission and has began decreasing it’s output successfully. However, even if all of the European countries reduced their emission quotas t ao minimum, the global climate changes would go on. In order for any substantial progress to be achieved, a worldwide agreement is essential.